When Refugees Meet Locals

Branches of Hope, Hong Kong

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Branches of Hope (“BoH”) started the Lunchbox Outreach Project in November 2020, which provides healthy food to street cleaners in Wan Chai. Beyond ordinary relief work, the scope of this project aims to address issues around the social inclusion of often marginalized communities. For the first distribution of 90 lunchboxes, meals were made from recipes provided by members of the Nepalese and South Asian community, who were also able to interact with the cleaners who received the lunchboxes. The feedback from one local street cleaner reflected that the kind gesture of sharing food and friendly attitude during social interactions had made them feel welcome and accepted in Hong Kong, as it was not something they regularly experienced in their daily lives.

Despite the suspension of lunchbox preparation due to the fourth wave of COVID-19, BoH has continued to support street cleaners around Wan Chai, reaching out to distribute care packages, face masks, canned food, and snacks. Taking the lead, members of the refugee community came up with the idea to buy scarves, lip balm, and hand cream to gift to the street cleaners on Christmas Eve, packing them into nicely wrapped gift packs along with other donated items and supermarket vouchers.

In January 2021, BoH expanded their outreach to include waste pickers and the homeless.

https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/boh-640x480.jpeg

Refugees and BoH staff distributing relief supplies to local street cleaners

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 5

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 3

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Heading 02

Heading 02 (H3)

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit…Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Photos Grid for Heading 02

  • Tab 1
  • Tab 2
  • Tab 3

Inside Tab Heading 01 H4

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

0123456789001234567890
Counter 01

Going Further Together

RUN Hong Kong, Hong Kong

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

ZeShan is supporting RUN Hong Kong (“RUN”) in addressing the additional mental stressors brought about by COVID-19 to refugees and asylum seekers (RAS) in Hong Kong. With the aim of providing safe and supportive environments for those effected to recover from past trauma, to build support networks, and to improve on skills for future resilience, the initiative expanded across three programmes:

  • structured sports program for children
  • summer camp for teens
  • therapy sessions with a part-time psychologist

Over the course of 9 sessions between September and November of 2020, 29 children (aged 3-12) participated in a structured sports program run by 3 volunteer coaches. Beginning in September 2020, RUN additionally provided one hour of homework support prior to each sports session, aided by Year 12 Chinese International School students who volunteer with RUN on a bi-weekly basis. The program is currently on hold due to COVID-19 social distancing restrictions.

12 teens (7 female & 5 male, average age of 18) participated in a variety of outdoor activities over 6 Sundays in October and November of 2020. Run by Asia Pacific Adventures (APA), the activities included: water sports, stand up paddle boarding, kayaking, rock climbing, gorge hiking, and exploration activities.

  • 92% agreed that outdoor activities helped with the development of communication skills
  • 92% felt an increased sense of confidence after participating in outdoor activities
  • 92% experienced a better mood after participating in outdoor activities
  • Other skills that were gained from participating in outdoor activities include: team work, time management, critical thinking and resilience.
  • 100% of participants wished to participate in similar activities the following year.

Psychology Sessions with Dr. Ken Fung

  • 12 participants benefited from a total of 70 psychology sessions as of 31 January 2021.

 

“Before seeing Dr. Fung, I did not see my problems. I thought I was ok, but I was not ok. I stayed at home all day, I only left the house once a week to go to church. I felt overwhelmed and felt a lot of pressure being with the children all the time. I had no motivation to go outside, I did not want to see anyone, I just wanted to stay home all the time. After first seeing Dr. Fung, I felt much better because I had someone to talk to about how I was feeling. I had a reason to leave the house. Dr. Fung’s session in addition to regular English classes at RUN and MakerBay classes (also organized by RUN), I feel much happier. Right now, I have a much better mindset, and I feel positive about the future.” 

*Testimony from a recent graduate of Dr. Fung’s psychology sessions

https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/RUN-KIds-Programme-4-640x696.png

Running class for refugee teens

https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/RUN-Teens-Programme-5-640x853.jpeg

Rock climbing class for refugee teens

Case Study & Testimonial

Forty-year-old Lenya comes from a tribe in Africa where Female Genital Mutilation is forced upon female members as an initiation rite. As a family member of the chief of the tribe, Lenya was expected to adhere to the rules of the tribe without exception. Fearing a punishment of death for refusing to go through with this traumatic practice, Lenya fled her country and ended up in Hong Kong.

In the beginning, Lenya had difficulty living in Hong Kong, unable to move on from the trauma from her past experiences. She was emotionally fragile, would break down when faced with even the slightest bit of stress, and was unable to form lasting friendships due to past betrayals by people whom she thought she could trust. She avoided people, preferred to stay at home, and would often ruminate over her losses, putting her in a depressed state. Lenya sought help at Justice Centre, where her case officer referred her to counselling. 

Lenya started counselling in November 2020, attending sessions every week with Justice Centre’s in-house psychotherapist. With a safe environment to share her story and learn healthy coping skills, she has become more confident, cheerful, and hopeful over time despite her difficult circumstances as a refugee in Hong Kong.

 Feedback from Lenya:

“I just want to appreciate all that you guys are doing for me. I’m so thankful for the counselling at Justice Centre because this counselling therapy really helped me a lot! I was finding it difficult to let my past relationship go… I was unable to make new friends, I was having trust issues and I was so bitter and unhappy. But since I started the counselling Classes at Justice Centre, my inner peace is okay! My life is moving forward in a good direction. Now I can value myself ... I still have hope in life. Now I can make new friends and share my secrets with someone that I truly trust.”

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 5

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 3

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Heading 02

Heading 02 (H3)

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit…Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Photos Grid for Heading 02

  • Tab 1
  • Tab 2
  • Tab 3

Inside Tab Heading 01 H4

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

0123456789001234567890
Counter 01

Home Visits Preventing Isolation

Christian Action, Hong Kong

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

The refugees and asylum seekers (RAS) community is isolated and marginalized in Hong Kong, and whose situation has been compounded by the COVID-19 outbreak, additionally facing language barriers that hinder their access of accurate information on the pandemic, face rising food process, and do not qualify for government relief.

In response to exacerbated needs under the circumstances of COVID-19, Centre for Refugees (CFR) of Christian Action conducted home visits to families and individuals of the RAS community to distribute essential relief items, food vouchers, and information on COVID-19. During these visits, case work teams took the opportunity to assess risks of child or domestic abuse, and also made referrals to empowerment and mental health programs by CFR and partner NGOs.

  

“I think home visits are very important for us. In the office, caseworkers are often so busy, especially now with the renovation- there is no space, no privacy. When you come to our homes, you have time to listen to our stories, and we have time to open up and speak honestly about how we are feeling. Someone might be sad for a long time but not speak about it, until you go to their home and they dare to open up.” 

Refugee Woman, 41, West Africa

 

“This family with three children was so excited when we visited them. The children seldom come outside anymore because of COVID-19, so when we came to their place for the home visit, they talked excitedly about a lot of their things and proudly played with us. “Can you look at my paintings?” It was just a simple question, but the children said it sincerely,  as they hadn’t chatted with any other people for long time. For other people, a visit is just a simple action, but for our clients, it’s making their day.”  

CFR Caseworker, visiting asylum seeker family of three

 

“Through our Zeshan Foundation home visits, we are actually confronted with how our clients are living in Hong Kong. We can even experience part of the their living routine, like how they come out and back home with long commute times. During the visits, we also bring some food and sanitary items to clients- it’s a bit heavy, but at the same time, we finally know how our clients feel when carrying these such items from Centre for Refugees to their homes. To keep their expenses as low as possible, most of them need to live on top floors without lifts. Without the visit, we would not truly know the full extent of our client’s homes- bad conditions, long distances, and such expensive rent. 

Through these home visits, we also come to know that the services we provide to our clients are crucial to them. Although sometimes we cannot do anything to help them, we always try our best to solve their problems, and give whatever we have.”

CFR Caseworker

 

“I’ve been locked down in this building for 12 years, COVID-19 doesn’t affect me at all!” This client is a single man who has lived in the same building for many years, and is still waiting for refugee status determination. He lives with two other flatmates; they spend their time cooking and watching TV together. There is nothing much else he can do during his free time. He was happy that Centre for Refugees caseworkers visited him- that gave him more support and reassurance that he is not being forgotten.  – Asylum seeker
XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 5

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Photo 3

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Heading 02

Heading 02 (H3)

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit…Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Photos Grid for Heading 02

  • Tab 1
  • Tab 2
  • Tab 3

Inside Tab Heading 01 H4

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

0123456789001234567890
Counter 01

Unbearable Heaviness

Justice Centre, Hong Kong

Zeshan Foundation supported Justice Centre Hong Kong (“JCHK”) in providing mental health counselling to Hong Kong’s refugees and asylum seekers, a critical area of relief work in which there has been a significant funding gap amid the COVID-19 outbreak in 2020. 

 JCHK is a non-profit organization which brings holistic services to some of the most marginalized communities in Hong Kong, providing direct support by enabling access to legal information, quality legal representation, counselling and social welfare. 

Addressing mental health issues that otherwise have the potential to escalate, JCHK’s in-house psychotherapist has been able to, through this grant, help vulnerable migrants overcome trauma and other mental impacts from experiences of persecution, torture, and displacement. Without this support, vulnerable individuals would more likely struggle to tell their story clearly, hindering their ability to effectively engage with legal asylum processes, further increasing their risk of being returned to their home country where they could be in danger of torture, persecution, or even death.

https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/JCHK-DSC_2066-scaled.jpg

Asylum seeker meeting case worker

Case Study & Testimonial

Forty-year-old Lenya comes from a tribe in Africa where Female Genital Mutilation is forced upon female members as an initiation rite. As a family member of the chief of the tribe, Lenya was expected to adhere to the rules of the tribe without exception. Fearing a punishment of death for refusing to go through with this traumatic practice, Lenya fled her country and ended up in Hong Kong.

In the beginning, Lenya had difficulty living in Hong Kong, unable to move on from the trauma from her past experiences. She was emotionally fragile, would break down when faced with even the slightest bit of stress, and was unable to form lasting friendships due to past betrayals by people whom she thought she could trust. She avoided people, preferred to stay at home, and would often ruminate over her losses, putting her in a depressed state. Lenya sought help at Justice Centre, where her case officer referred her to counselling. 

Lenya started counselling in November 2020, attending sessions every week with Justice Centre’s in-house psychotherapist. With a safe environment to share her story and learn healthy coping skills, she has become more confident, cheerful, and hopeful over time despite her difficult circumstances as a refugee in Hong Kong.

 Feedback from Lenya:

“I just want to appreciate all that you guys are doing for me. I’m so thankful for the counselling at Justice Centre because this counselling therapy really helped me a lot! I was finding it difficult to let my past relationship go… I was unable to make new friends, I was having trust issues and I was so bitter and unhappy. But since I started the counselling Classes at Justice Centre, my inner peace is okay! My life is moving forward in a good direction. Now I can value myself ... I still have hope in life. Now I can make new friends and share my secrets with someone that I truly trust.”

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX

Heading 02

Heading 02 (H3)

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit…Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Photos Grid for Heading 02

  • Tab 1
  • Tab 2
  • Tab 3

Inside Tab Heading 01 H4

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

0123456789001234567890
Counter 01

Helping Others Help Themselves

Dialogue in the Dark Foundation, Hong Kong

Many NGOs and social enterprises have been struggling with their operations as a result of the various restrictions put in place amid the COVID-19 outbreak. During this time, ZeShan Foundation has utilized this opportunity to reflect on approaches taken toward funding the creative sectors. This unrestricted grant awarded to Dialogue in the Dark Foundation (“DIDF”) not only provides the organization with about one years’ financial support at a time of capacity development, but also embodies ZeShan’s efforts in maintaining diversity in the civil society landscape and funding ecosystem, as well as the long-term vision to strengthen the philanthropic ecosystem in order to enable organizations and stakeholders to make greater impacts in our society. DIDF has spent more than 10 years developing a successful model that combines employment of visually impaired people with talent development. Through their efforts, social inclusiveness has been enhanced in both the NGO and business sectors, and at the same time, underprivileged groups have been empowered on the social platform. It is strategic to keep this model up and running in the social landscape to foster social inclusion, equity, and diversity. Additionally, ZeShan’s support is essential for DIDF to strengthen its capacity and develop new online delivery platforms, a wider monthly donor base, and more diversified programs. This growth will enable DIDF to empower currently unreached groups, scale up their practices, and sustain its impact in the long run. 

In Hong Kong, there currently is no flexible funding scheme to support the general operation and capacity building of social enterprises, many of which are not subvented and are often under-resources in both normal and unprecedented times. ZeShan hopes that this grant will set an example in the philanthropic landscape and catalyse similar efforts by other parties. For more details on our rationale, please visit “Our Approach”

As of February 2021, DIDF has not only managed to break even once again, but has also reached new target groups through recently developed online workshops.  

https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/team-building-6-640x640.jpg
https://www.zeshanfoundation.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/03/team-building-9-640x640.jpg

“Facilitator Training”  hosted our PoDs (People of Differences: VI and HI) with the very popular Marshmallow Challenge

Heading 02

Heading 02 (H3)

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book.

Neque porro quisquam est qui dolorem ipsum quia dolor sit amet, consectetur, adipisci velit…Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

When an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Photos Grid for Heading 02

  • Tab 1
  • Tab 2
  • Tab 3

Inside Tab Heading 01 H4

It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using ‘Content here, content here’, making it look like readable English. Many desktop publishing packages and web page editors now use Lorem Ipsum as their default model text, and a search for ‘lorem ipsum’ will uncover many web sites still in their infancy. Various versions have evolved over the years, sometimes by accident, sometimes on purpose (injected humour and the like).

Lorem Ipsum is simply dummy text of the printing and typesetting industry. Lorem Ipsum has been the industry’s standard dummy text ever since the 1500s, when an unknown printer took a galley of type and scrambled it to make a type specimen book. It has survived not only five centuries, but also the leap into electronic typesetting, remaining essentially unchanged. It was popularised in the 1960s with the release of Letraset sheets containing Lorem Ipsum passages, and more recently with desktop publishing software like Aldus PageMaker including versions of Lorem Ipsum.

0123456789001234567890
Counter 01

© Copyright 2021, ZeShan Foundation  | Terms and Conditions | Privacy Policy